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Raising awareness to address 5G fears

5G-PLANET.

The introduction of 5G networks has raised many concerns, mostly related to the radiation associated with the technology.

Education on 5G is essential to combat popular fears effectively.

What is the impact of 5G on mobility performance compared to other communication technologies? Is it better than other technologies?

The Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), in collaboration with Luxembourg’s Department of Media, Telecommunications and Digital Policy (SMC), is launching an awareness-raising platform to present and explain the technologies behind 5G, and in particular to make the complex world of 5G mobility concepts approachable to the general public.

Luxembourg Digital Twin in action to explain 5G

The 5G-PLANET project aims to create a copy of the existing 5G infrastructure in Luxembourg, i.e. digital twin, to show its use, capabilities, limitations, etc. to a wide audience.

5G-PLANET primarily seeks to share LIST’s experience in the planning and design of new 5G networks, using Luxembourg as a practical example. It will specifically target connected mobility applications and intelligent transport systems, which are among the most promising uses of 5G from a socio-economic perspective.

Deploying new network technologies is complex and exploiting their full potential is also a challenge, but one that can generate massive economic benefits down the road. Mobility is an excellent example to illustrate this point and explain to the general public the interest of using new, low latency communication means”

Sébastien Faye, Senior Research and Technology Associate and Project Leader at Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST)

5G-PLANET intends to provide a decision support system for planning and designing 5G networks for cooperative, connected and automated mobility (CCAM) applications. This system will be demonstrated to raise public awareness of the value of these technologies. The Digital Twin approach will provide an attractive visual showcase for public awareness.

“Our objective is to propose an awareness-raising platform that makes complex 5G-mobility concepts accessible to the greatest number of people in the long run. The dissemination of the project to the general public will be guaranteed through several complementary channels.”

Sébastien Faye, Senior Research and Technology Associate and Project Leader at Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST)

More about this educational 5G awareness project.

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New SnT project, conducted in cooperation with leader in global content connectivity solutions SES, envisions a fundamental shift in the emerging 5G wireless system towards closer integration with satellite systems. Advancing data networks Integrating satellite and terrestrial systems is crucial as truly global next-generation networks require an ecosystem of multiple communication infrastructures to be inclusive, ubiquitous and affordable.…

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Luxembourg research project to address 5G privacy and security issues

5G is emerging and is to serve as a platform to support networking connections for sensors and vehicles on roads and provide vehicle-to-everything services, in particular. These advances for tomorrow’s connected mobility are highly dependent on the deployment of 5G technologies along with new service-oriented architectures enable through network slicing. Yet, the 5G infrastructure is…

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Project 5G-EMIT: leading by example

The deployment of 5G and beyond networks will involve new base station equipment to meet the requirements of next generation mobile services. In Luxembourg, specific regulatory measures are in force. Therefore, the challenge is to find and implement new assessment methodologies and network planning solutions to make sure that 5G infrastructure can be deployed efficiently…

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Industrial & Service Transformation Latest news

How satellite tech can power our new 5G world?

Satellite tech and 5 G.

Luxembourg Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SnT), in cooperation with leader in global content connectivity solutions SES, is exploring how satellite technology can help enable our new 5G world — and how satellites can do even more to advance 5G capabilities.

New SnT project, conducted in cooperation with leader in global content connectivity solutions SES, envisions a fundamental shift in the emerging 5G wireless system towards closer integration with satellite systems.

Advancing data networks

Integrating satellite and terrestrial systems is crucial as truly global next-generation networks require an ecosystem of multiple communication infrastructures to be inclusive, ubiquitous and affordable. Satellite proved to be an ideal enabler of the next-generation networks thanks to its wide coverage, ability to deliver to moving platforms, and simultaneity. It will allow a broad range of next-generation connectivity scenarios, even in remote areas, for crucial applications in mobile backhauling, aero and maritime connectivity, emergency response, telemedicine, and much more. 

Connecting 5G to the satellite communications network will also contribute to guaranteeing that increasingly important technologies like the Internet of Things are as reliable as possible.

Building bridges between industry and research

Project INSTRUCT, which stands for INtegrated Satellite-TeRrestrial Systems for Ubiquitous Beyond 5G CommunicaTions, is an industry-led research partnership between SES and the SnT.

This project seeks to strengthen the links between the academic and industrial worlds. Building on ten years of collaborative research experience, INSTRUCT will initiate a long-term structured research programme between SnT and SES. Additionally, it will interconnect and expand the validation facilities of the joint laboratories available at SnT and SES.

Overall, INSTRUCT project will provide significant innovations in the area of High Performance Networks. It will also promote Luxembourg’s vision of being a global hub of space and satellite services.

In total, INSTRUCT includes 17 research projects.

“Each of the seventeen projects is being pursued by a team made up of an academic supervisor from SnT, an industry supervisor from SES, and either a doctoral or postdoctoral researcher.”


Prof. Dr. Symeon CHATZINOTAS
 Full Professor / Chief Scientist I and Co-Head of SIGCOM

SnT, University of Luxembourg

The project is supported by the Industrial Partnership Block Grant (IPBG) programme from the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR).

Read more about INSTRUCT

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Raising awareness to address 5G fears

What is the impact of 5G on mobility performance compared to other communication technologies? Is it better than other technologies? The Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), in collaboration with Luxembourg’s Department of Media, Telecommunications and Digital Policy (SMC), is launching an awareness-raising platform to present and explain the technologies behind 5G, and in…

Keep reading
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Industrial & Service Transformation Latest news

Luxembourg research project to address 5G privacy and security issues

Towards secured 5G vehicular networks.

As the amount of 5G implementations increase, the need for security will become even more critical. Research project 5G-INSIGHT conducted by the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technolgy (LIST) aims to provide advanced security mechanisms to detect and mitigate slicing attacks for 5G and beyond vehicular networks with special focus on the France-Luxembourg cross-border area.

5G is emerging and is to serve as a platform to support networking connections for sensors and vehicles on roads and provide vehicle-to-everything services, in particular. These advances for tomorrow’s connected mobility are highly dependent on the deployment of 5G technologies along with new service-oriented architectures enable through network slicing. Yet, the 5G infrastructure is still limited in Luxembourg and France. Indeed, most of it relies on a non-standalone architecture, which means that a large part of the network is still based on 4G.

Detecting and mitigating threats

With 5G comes new service-oriented architectures, made possible by so-called “network slicing”. This allows multiple virtualised networks to be created on a physical 5G infrastructure, each of which responds to a specific use case and therefore has its own capabilities.

The benefit is to provide a more personalised network service that adapts to the needs of connected applications, which may have different latency, throughput, scalability or even network resource allocation needs. While the deployment and adoption of such technologies is not fully deployed, many questions and challenges are emerging regarding data security and privacy.

There are indeed still many gaps in this area. Recent advances in data-driven network planning, design and security have the potential to provide new solutions.

“5G is being deployed everywhere, but there are still many aspects that still need to be developed, and of course when you develop new functionalities and technologies, security and privacy insurance needs to develop too.”

Sébastien Faye

Research project 5G-INSIGHT looks at the specific use of vehicle-to-everything communications, and securing them when 5G is used to communicate. This implies complex and distributed network architectures, on top of which virtual networks can be implemented.

LIST researchers will generate realistic datasets on vehicular-slicing attacks to develop reliable prediction models. The research group will use its expertise to provide privacy-preserving defence and mitigation mechanisms based on the blockchain and deception security model.

Research project 5G-INSIGHT

5G-INSIGHT will not only contribute to the current state of the art on cross-border 5G vehicular networks and network slicing, but also to the creation of synergies with other national, European, and cross-border 5G projects.

The platform will also be linked as much as possible with other ongoing 5G initiatives. The idea is to create a seamless picture on network planning solutions – considering here the security and privacy aspects. Finally, the development of a proof of concept will demonstrate the ability of 5G-INSIGHT solutions to alleviate security threats, network vulnerabilities and attack risks in a virtualised cross-border environment.

5G-INSIGHT is a cross-border project, jointly funded by the French National Research Agency (ANR) and the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR). The three-year project involves five different partners, including three universities in France, and two entities in Luxembourg, namely the University of Luxembourg and LIST.

Excerpts from ENSURING 5G SECURITY FOR CROSS-BORDER VEHICLES

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Project 5G-EMIT: leading by example

The deployment of 5G and beyond networks will involve new base station equipment to meet the requirements of next generation mobile services. In Luxembourg, specific regulatory measures are in force. Therefore, the challenge is to find and implement new assessment methodologies and network planning solutions to make sure that 5G infrastructure can be deployed efficiently in line with current regulations.

Research project 5G-EMIT, led by Dr Sébastien Faye from the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), is currently supporting the deployment of 5G in Luxembourg. The project aims at making the most of the Grand Duchy model as an example to possibly apply to other countries in the future.

Matching the regulatory framework to new technical needs

The assessment of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (RF-EMF) compliance has always been a major challenge for the deployment of new cellular communication technologies. As a matter of fact, it requires matching the regulatory framework to new technical needs. In Europe, the regulations proposed by the International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) are used as framework for the deployment of new radio technologies.

In a few countries, limits were set extremely low, making it impossible to deploy 5G antenna due to RF-EMF exposure and interferences being saturated.

DR SÉBASTIEN FAYE

“All humans moving around wireless communication systems are subject to exposure to an electromagnetic field. We can talk about Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, cellular communications – this is a huge debate, and something known for years. In the case of cellular communications, it’s a bit more complicated because it is regulated. So, as an operator if you want to deploy a 5G or 4G or other cellular communication antenna, then you need to match the regulatory framework. For instance, the framework may allow the deployment of an antenna but with certain limits. This is challenging because of course we are dealing with new communication technologies that behave differently, so we need to make sure we can still match these limits.”

DR SÉBASTIEN FAYE

Whereas the issue already existed before with 4G, 3G and 2G, it was easier to manage. Indeed, the antennas of the previous generations of cellular communication were passive so the behaviour was constant and always emitting a signal in the same directions, with same power and so on.

With 5G the novelty is that all the antennas are entirely active, which means that they are dynamic in time and space.

A data-driven network planning solution

5G-EMIT aims to propose and validate a data-driven network planning solution to recommend optimal network deployment strategies, while considering RF-EMF limits and the various features provided by new 5G technologies. This decision support system will aim at facilitating the deployment, compliance and sustainability of 5G in Luxembourg.

“The idea is to provide a decision support system to help the deployment of 5G networks, and beyond. The specificity of this system is to consider core deployment constraints that are related to 5G, with a focus on RF-EMF exposure.”

Dr SÉBASTIEN FAYE

LIST’s researchers have the ambition to create guidelines to implement new RF-EMF assessment methods and new deployment approaches using multiobjective optimisation techniques. In this context, a range of complementary aspects will be investigated to consider scientific, technical and standards as well as regulatory frameworks.

Making the most of the Grand Duchy model

From a scientific perspective, the objective is to go further than what exists today. As the methodology would be quite unique in Europe, the Luxembourg model could serve other countries in Europe facing a similar situation.

“What we want to do is use new methods that might be based on artificial intelligence, optimisation, but the objective is to assess what the exposure of this particular antenna is, under a certain set of circumstances, and support its optimal deployment to meet a particular application – such as connected mobility.”

Dr SÉBASTIEN FAYE

The Environment Agency (Administration de l’Environnement), the Ministry of Energy and Spatial Planning, the Ministry of Health, and the FNR are supervising the project.

5G-EMIT is supported by Proximus Luxembourg. The sub-contractor will provide access to experimental test sites in Luxembourg.

Find out more about the 5G-EMIT project.