Luxembourg fully subscribes to the sustainable development goals of the United Nations and will contribute through its research activities to a sustainable development from an ecological, economic and societal perspective, in line with the ten priority fields of action of the National Plan for Sustainable Development. In the ecological field, a focus will be on research in the context of a transition to sustainability and climate change.
Luxembourg has the ambition to become a model country for the green transition. To this end, research in the field of sustainable construction will play an important role in order to integrate energy efficiency, renewable energy, aspects related to environmental health and circularity into new and existing buildings.
A focus will also be on the integration of renewable energies and of electro-mobility into the energy management system thanks to smart grids. Sociological aspects related to the adoption of a more climate-friendly lifestyle as well as spatial planning and mobility concepts will be other important research topics.
Luxembourg will develop technologies to continuously monitor the effects of climate change on ecological systems and biodiversity and use this monitoring in order to model future scenarios allowing for the country’s best adaptation to a changing environment (e.g. in view of agricultural and forestry activities, but also in prevention of extreme events or with regard to water availability).
Economically, Luxembourg will innovate through research on new sustainable economic instruments and models, consuming fewer resources and producing less negative impact on the environment, especially in the areas of green and sustainable finance and circular and sharing economy.
Finally, increasing digitalisation raises the question how all these new developments and disruptive technologies can be responsibly implemented within an innovative legal environment in Luxembourg and Europe. In this context, questions about regulations for a responsible and privacy-respecting use of data, as well as ethical questions around data use and disruptive technologies such as artificial intelligence will be in the focus of Luxembourg’s research efforts.
Indeed, the transformations towards the 2030 objectives require a retooling of the legal framework. The objective of becoming one of the most advanced digital societies in the world in terms of sustainable development, governed by inclusive democratic decision-making processes, requires innovative solutions in Luxembourg and European regulation.
Examples include the adaptation of national and European legal systems to a data-driven and artificial intelligence-led decision-making process, a legal framework that can foster the development of a data-driven and personalised healthcare environment, or the protection of the environment in a digitalised world that requires an indepth rethinking of applicable standards both from a national perspective and in the light of the EU Digital Single Market.
This strategy will therefore promote advanced legal research in the areas mentioned, including the development and implementation of tools to establish a legal framework that provides legal certainty for both citizens and businesses in the context of future developments. This is an important element in unlocking the full modernisation potential of technological progress for the benefit of society by providing the regulatory framework for a knowledge-driven economy and society
A socially sustainable development is particularly important for a very diverse and multilingual country like Luxembourg and therefore research on different aspects of social cohesion, such as the social consequences of migration, of the energy transition and of labour market developments, but also questions of cultural identities, cultural heritage and nationhood will be included in this research area. Increased collaboration will be sought with cultural institutes on research topics related to cultural heritage, including digital aspects thereof.