At the top level, the national research and innovation strategy defines four research priority areas, which have emerged to be of particular importance for the societal, ecological and economic development of the country.

These areas are not considered as being distinct and independent from each other but as areas that mutually influence each other, so that the sub-themes that define each area can also have ramifications into other areas.  

The implementation of the research strategy will therefore put a particular emphasis on interdisciplinary projects, which take into account that each of the four broad research priority areas will benefit from results and projects situated in one or more of the other areas.  

The four chosen research priority areas should guarantee that beyond a development of its GDP, Luxembourg can warrant for a continuous and sustainable development of the well-being of its population, including notably health, environmental and educational factors.