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Luxembourg to invest 1.7bn euros in research and higher education

Research funding agreements.

Priority areas for research digital technology and personalised medicine, financial technologies of the future, education and training, as well as climate and energy challenges.

Luxembourg is increasing research funding by nearly 300 million euros to a total of 1.7 billion euros for the 2022 – 2025 period, up 17.6% on the previous years.

The state allocates its funds to higher education and research on the basis of four-year contracts with the University of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH), the Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER) and the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR).

Allocation in m eurosVariation
University of Luxembourg908.28+16.9%
Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology219.41+16.8%
Luxembourg Institute of Health 182.54+20.3%
Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research 62.08+25.7%
Luxembourg National Research Fund 294.03 +9.6%
Bonus 35.00+90%
Total1,701.34+17.6%
The bonus will be distributed among institutions based on performance in the context of the EU Research and Development Framework Programme.

Digitalisation and data

The University of Luxembourg will develop

  • a centre for the ethics of digitalisation that will address and anticipate the ethical, social, governmental and legal challenges of digitalisation;
  • new and strengthened activities in the field of high-performance computing, data science and quantum computing, as well as digital teaching and learning, in particular through digital education, the strengthening of its media centre and a new Master in Media Studies and Digital Culture.

The Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) will

  • turn its data analysis platform into a platform for artificial intelligence, data analysis and IT visualisation by integrating developments in new technologies;
  • integrate digital twin in its digitalisation strategy;
  • develop an innovation platform for quantum computing and quantum computing technologies.

The Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH) will place the patient at the centre of its activities. The research institute will be fully in line with the current paradigm shift in biomedical research, driven by the widespread adoption of disruptive technologies such as big data, artificial intelligence and machine learning. and machine learning.

In partnership with the Luxembourg Institute of Health, the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) and representatives of public authorities and civil society, the Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER) will develop a project around the concept of “One Health” applied in Luxembourg.

Sustainable development and energy

The University of Luxembourg will develop its activities on social, societal, economic and environmental aspects of sustainable development. The creation of a new interdisciplinary centre focusing on environmental systems will be a major initiative in the next four years.

The field of environmental and bioresourced technologies will be one of the cornerstones of the activities of the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology over the next four years. The research institute plans to develop an innovation centre around hydrogen. In the new strategy, the objective “sustainable by design” is included for the first time.

The Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER) will continue to develop research to identify effective policies to reduce exposures to air pollution, to stimulate sustainable and smart mobility, to develop strategies for households to produce renewable energy, to reduce energy consumption in housing, to reduce the risks of energy poverty and mobility, to produce new jobs in the circular economy and to stimulate green finance.

Medicine and health

The University of Luxembourg will continue to develop its medical education provision, launch academic nursing programmes and pursue its commitment to excellence in biomedical and translational research, including psychosocial research.

Future research at the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH) will focus specifically on the areas of cancer immunology and the tumour microenvironment, immunity and the exposome, which will provide an understanding of how exposures from personal and external sources interact with unique human characteristics and affect human health.

Setting out four shared priorities

The agreements signed between Luxembourg and the University of Luxembourg, and the three public research institutes include a common chapter, setting four priorities shared by the entities: digitalisation and personalised medicine, fintech, education and training for the 21st century, and climate and energy challenges.

These four missions will be co-financed by instruments of the Luxembourg National Research Fund.

“These missions are above all a collective commitment by public research to fuel and strengthen the country’s economic and social development. The concept of the missions is based on the triple helix model, i.e. strengthened collaboration between public research, higher education and the economic world as well as society at large.”

Claude Meisch, Minister for Higher Education and Research

In addition to the missions, the University and the public research institutes have identified the following topics for enhanced cooperation:

  • Joint affiliation of researchers;
  • Inter-institutional research groups;
  • Joint platforms and infrastructures;
  • Knowledge and technology transfer;
  • Doctoral education;
  • Open Science.

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In conversation with our young researchers: Adnan Imeri

Blockchain in logistics and transportation.

Blockchain as a distributed-decentralised computing platform enables users to share, manage and monitor digitally signed assets through the smart contract.

How can blockchain technology be used to improve trust in logistics and transport processes?

Adnan Imeri completed his PhD in Computer Science from the University of Paris-Saclay (UEVE) and the University of Luxembourg, focusing on blockchain technology and its applicability in real-world use cases. His current research interest is mainly associated with blockchain technology, its implementation as well as its integration with the Internet of Things.

Blockchain to improve trust in logistics and transport processes

The transport of dangerous goods is very complicated to manage because of the risks to the human, environment, properties and living organisms. Currently, it suffers from a lack of efficiency, trust, and transparency.

In his thesis, Adnan Imeri proposed a new method for specifying the workflow aspects of the transport of dangerous goods by considering all stages of the process throughout its life cycle. This method aims to facilitate the specification of the transport of dangerous goods workflow process and management system that is fully based on existing regulatory frameworks ensuring compliance, trust, and transparency of all underlying processes i.e., before, during and after transport of dangerous goods.

At the Science Communication level, Adnan Imeri summarises his thesis for the general audience as “a novel method and tools to improve the specification of workflow in the process of transport and management of dangerous goods.”

“The proposed method aims to facilitate the management of workflow process and the trustful and secure sharing of information between collaborating stakeholders taking benefit from advanced technologies such as Blockchain, Smart Contracts and the Internet of Things”

Adnan Imeri

All the interactions in the real world between stakeholders are transformed into interactions in the digital world, while the interactions with the environment are achieved using IoT devices. The researcher’s approach allows interactions between system components, e.g. digital twins, IoT devices, only if it is in line with the regulatory framework.

Using the blockchain technology, the design approach allows for improved trust and transparency in the transport of dangerous goods process from the perspective of collaborations between stakeholders.

The technological capabilities of smart contracts are also a foundation of his solution. As such, the researcher’s work contributes to improving the semantic of smart contracts to capture supply chain management specifications as well as dangerous goods specificity in terms of transportation.

The transportation and supply chain of goods is heavily influenced by digital technologies, as are the logistics companies that provide them, due to their critical nature. Not only must these services be correct, but end-to-end traceability of the transport process must be ensured. The influence of advanced technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and blockchain is enabling a new level of transparency and real-time verification of the transport process.

A blockchain researcher

Adnan Imeri’s research journey started in 2015 when his interest in service compliance with the regulatory framework spiked. After that, he expanded his research activities in different areas, to find new ideas on distributed-decentralised technologies, which were the most prominent technologies at that time.

After completing his Bachelor in computer science at the University of Prishtina in Republic of Kosovo, followed by a Master of Science at the University of Geneva in Switzerland, Adnan joined the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) in 2017.

Why Luxembourg as a research destination?

According to Adnan Imeri, Luxembourg is one of the most developed countries in terms of research. It allows new researchers to develop their research activities, thanks to many resources such as funding or access to research libraries, and a well-connected research environment.

“The surrounded research environment in Luxembourg is very supportive and allowed me to exploit different collaborations at national and international level.”

“It is an excellent research environment that offers the possibility of conducting large-scale research projects.”

Adnan Imeri

Read more about Adnan Imeri‘s research work.

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In conversation with our young researchers: Rafieh Mosaheb

Quantum safe e-voting.

We are decades away from quantum computers to be around and capable of running quantum algorithms. But we can not wait for those computers to here.

The Covid-19 pandemic has made electronic voting options a reality. It seems like a logical step considering the many other daily activities, like banking and shopping, that we conduct online. Yet, e-voting presents unique challenges, including security. How to provide protection when e-voting?

Rafieh Mosaheb is a PhD student at the Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SnT) of the University of Luxembourg. With her thesis, she seeks to advance the state-of-the-art by building quantum safe e-voting schemes.

Building quantum safe e-voting protocles

Rafieh Mosaheb’s PhD thesis will focus on developing and prototyping practical e-voting schemes that are secure against attackers capable of performing arbitrary quantum computations.

Digital information and communication technologies, embedded in the fabric of modern society, enrich and make our lives easier. When used carefully, these same tools can also contribute to enriching and protecting fundamental mechanisms, such as elections, which are essential to the functioning of democratic societies. Indeed, elections are the foundation of democracy and as such, ensuring their security is of utmost importance. One of the main security challenges that needs to be addressed is the threat posed by the emergence of quantum computers. Despite the considerable number of well-designed secure electronic voting systems that have been proposed over the past decades, almost all existing systems depend on cryptography that will be broken by quantum algorithms.

Why Research Luxembourg?

After completing her master’s degree in Iran at Sharif University of Technology (SUT), Rafieh Mosaheb joined Research Luxembourg to conduct her PhD.

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New supercomputer to support researchers

High Performance Computer.

The supercomputer will enable research and innovation based on intensive computing and large-scale data analysis.

High performance computing, high performance data analysis and artificial intelligence are cornerstones of European, national and university strategies. The new generations of supercomputers coupled with the existing high-level expertise in the field will boost research.

The University of Luxembourg has inaugurated its High Performance Computer (HPC), which provides state-of-the-art support to the University’s researchers and partners.

Strengthening the excellence of the research infrastructure

With this new supercomputer, the University of Luxembourg strengthens its position as an international leader in the field of high-performance computing, and further increases its attractiveness for academic staff, experts and students, thus increasing the talent pool of Luxembourg.

The High Performance Computing system will be used to conduct research in the fields of computer science, materials physics, bio-medicine and life sciences, cryptology and artificial intelligence, as well as digital history and socio-economic simulations.

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Research Luxembourg takes part in Beyond UNIVERSEH

gray and black galaxy wallpaper

Beyond UNIVERSEH.

UNIVERSEH is an alliance of five higher education institutions aiming to develop new ways of collaboration in the field of space, within the “European Universities” initiative by the European Commission. The consortium recently launched Beyond UNIVERSEH, its Research pillar.

UNIVERSEH focuses on the development of educational activities and innovative collaborations in the European space sector.

The University of Luxembourg is a member of the UNIVERSEH consortium, which also includes Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi Pyrénées (France), Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf (Germany), Luleå tekniska universitet (Sweden) and AGH University of Science and Technology (Poland)

Strengthening Europe’s position in Space and new Space

Created in 2020 as part of the Erasmus+ “European Universities” initiative of the European Commission, UNIVERSEH has the potential to reach more than 140,000 students, researchers and staff.

Reflecting European values, it aims to facilitate mobility and multilingualism, promote student inclusion and diversity, support interdisciplinary programmes, and strengthen pedagogical innovation and entrepreneurship in Europe.

UNIVERSEH is developing an ambitious European programme to support the thriving ecosystem of space activities with the dynamic support of governmental and public bodies as well as of commercial players.

Beyond UNIVERSEH to develop a research policy roadmap for 2035 within the space sector

The main ambition of Beyond UNIVERSEH is to develop a research policy roadmap for 2035 and a vision for 2050 in the space sector. Such a roadmap will build a sustainable and integrated research and innovation network within the alliance and beyond.

The consortium will also create a unique shared and collaborative virtual lab and research community. As such, it has the potential to spearhead new collaborative and interdisciplinary methodologies to improve the outcomes of space research and innovation.

It will connect researchers and stakeholders from multiple backgrounds, promoting a highly multidisciplinary and cross-sector network to address the societal challenges of space and new space.

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In conversation with our young researchers: Dr Huizhu Sun

Alternative investment and assets.

Luxembourg is a major global hub for alternative investment funds and a cross-border distribution centre. It is the leading investment fund centre in Europe and second worldwide behind the U.S.

How can research help Luxembourg to maintain its international competitive position as a financial marketplace?

Huizhu Sun is a Junior Research & Associate in the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST). His research mainly focuses on alternative investment and assets, i.e. private equity, venture capital, infrastructure assets, and collectible assets/funds such as art, wine, etc.

Revealing the drivers of the competitiveness of Luxembourg’s fund ecosystem

Huizhu Sun is examining investment fund performance, its underlying drivers and the related implications of the fund structure. Such a project is instrumental in revealing the drivers of the competitiveness of Luxembourg’s fund ecosystem and maintaining its international competitive position as a financial marketplace. It allows to identify the drivers of performance and the role the alternative investment industry plays in the systematic risk of the economy.

In addition, understanding the performance drivers underlying different fund structures related to the investor pool or available distribution channels is crucial for the alternative fund industry. The second Markets in Financial Instruments Directive, i.e. MIFIDII, that came into force in January 2018 asks for a rigorous analysis of expected investor pools. Finally, apart from performance implications for investors, the public-private partnerships (P3) that emerge in the Venture Capital (VC) and infrastructure industry also have broad societal effects, given the growing public-private engagement in boosting innovation hubs and contributing to social infrastructure development.

“My focus on the structure of Venture Capital funds with the associated liquidity risk and investor pool sheds light on this topic.”

Dr Huizhu Sun

Research to develop his critical mindset

Dr Huizhu Sun developed an interest in economics and finance when working in a financial institute after graduation from Tongji University, Shanghai China, in Information Management. Naturally, he pursued a Master of Finance in the same university where he had a chance to participate in an exchange programme with the University of Luxembourg

After earning his master, he continued as a PhD candidate in the Department of Finance at University of Luxembourg, focusing on alternative investment research. “FNR CORE ALPHA project is a collaboration between my team in LIST and Department of Finance from University of Luxembourg, and prof. Roman Kräussl is the project Principal Investigator. I also work with Ankit Arora from LIST, Denitsa Stefanova from University of Luxembourg and Kalle Rinne from a private partner, Mandatum Life Fund Management S.A.”

“Taking research as a vocation not only trains you for the challenge to your ideas but develops critical and analytical way of observing life. It brings the fulfillment of disseminating cutting-edge ideas, research and innovation to the world.”

Dr Huizhu Sun

The researcher’s work is based on empirical analysis with proprietary industry data where his ideas and methods have been implemented and tested in private sector scope.

Why Luxembourg as a research destination?

Luxembourg is an ideal destination for financial research that focuses on industry practice and private sector in terms of industry support and collaboration.

“Most research projects in Luxembourg, including mine, are collaborative between different organisations. I am surrounded by data scientists and analysts who provide additional insights besides economic interpretation. This interdisciplinarity and collaboration environment brings various expertise.”

“Luxembourg research infrastructures provide supportive facilities and channels that make researchers’ ideas and work easily disseminated and visible, meanwhile motivate them with responsive solutions for their needs.”

Dr Huizhu Sun

About living in Luxembourg

Huizhu Sun initially moved to Luxembourg as an exchange student. He recalls that “University of Luxembourg took a good care of international students.”

“Living in Luxembourg gives you a hybrid experience combining relaxed European country life with fast pace working environment. It is an ideal place to have a work-life balance.”

Dr Huizhu Sun

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From lab to startup: legAI

legAI.

Meeting compliance requirements involves wasting many hours doing mundane tasks that could be automated.

The University of Luxembourg’s spin-off legAI takes care of such tasks in just one second so that lawyers can spend more time on what really matters.

By combining automatic reasoning, data analysis and legal expertise, computer scientists from the University of Luxembourg have developed a solution that automates critical tasks so that companies can focus on decision-making.

Tomer Libal is a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Luxembourg. His research is focused on Automated Deduction and especially on applications to law. He recently created the legAI application to make the data protection risk assessment process easier.

When a company has invested in a new human resources management system, for example, making sure it is legally compliant is often a complex task and requires a legal expert. LegAI takes care of such tasks in just one second.

“Our tool is asking you different questions which lead you towards the answer, so you can make the decision and take the responsibility. The idea is to do all the bureaucracy and leave you with the decision process.”

Tomer Libal @legAI

From project to proof of concept

Going beyond the creation of the application, Tomer Libal has submitted a Proof-of-Concept project with the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR). Indeed, the researcher has developed an easy-to-use product to give companies a much better legal understanding.

In the process, the postdoc researcher is seeking to get a closer view on business’ needs.

Tomer Libal plans to present his first prototype in 2022 and develop his own company in 2023.

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Research to empower companies’ space ambitions

New space movement.

Over the last three decades, Luxembourg has created a thriving scene of space activities where more than 50 companies have emerged.

The new space movement has given rise to a private sector making it possible for more and more businesses to reach for the stars.

Luxembourg has given priority to its space strategy. With its new space movement and a supportive institutional framework, the country provides start-ups with a conducive ecosystem.

The Computer Vision, Imaging & Machine Intelligence Research Group (CVI2) of the Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SnT) – a research centre within the University of Luxembourg, aims to support businesses in making a breakthrough in space.

How research supports space companies

For many companies in the space industry, creating a team covering the whole spectrum of expertise can seem as difficult as rocket science.

With contributions needed in the areas of materials science, structural engineering, manufacturing and robotics, as well as in computer vision, research in Luxembourg offers a significant advantage to both start-ups and established entities, approaching projects from all angles.

With a team of interdisciplinary researchers, a computer vision lab and the Zero-G lab, SnT enables start-ups to make real progress, steering research in the right direction.

“Offering space companies the opportunity to partner with research to access broader expertise allows them not only to fill in the gaps, but also to focus their efforts on their core business.”

Prof. Djamila Aouada, head of the CVI2 research group and co-head of the Zero-G Lab at SnT

When Research Luxembourg and a start-up enter a ‘new space’ partnership

SnT and Lift Me Off have teamed up to develop technologies that will give service vehicles intelligent visual processing. The start-up is committed to the safe and sustainable use of space by exploring the fields of autonomous satellite services in orbit.

As a result of their collaboration, the SPARK simulator for orbital space detection emerged. This project is certainly one of the most important contributions of research to the Luxembourg space industry. Indeed, the application represents an important step forward in the design of deep learning algorithms for space applications. The simulator also includes target recognition in the critical area of space debris, as well as the complex business of position estimation.

While formally owned by SnT, the simulator has the potential to have a great impact on the sector, with a wide range of applications for future partnerships.

The Zero-G Lab – moving in absence of gravity

The Interdisciplinary Space Master’s Zero-G laboratory is designed to test the motion of orbital robotics, satellites and other spacecraft in a micro-gravity environment.

By seeing how spacecraft and orbital robotics can be controlled or operate with decoupled systems in this environment, researchers can explore, understand and predict their behaviour in space.

@Zero-G Lab – Interdisciplinary Space Master – University of Luxembourg

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Research X Probiotic Group Luxembourg to give a biological alternative to toxic products

Next-generation of natural cleaning products.

Harsh chemicals are still commonly used for surface disinfection despite their potential impacts on health and the environment. Probiotics are game changers, offering an environmentally-friendly alternative to conventional hard-surface cleaners.

While probiotics have proved their worth in fighting the formation of pathogenic microbes on or in the human body, little has been explored in built environments, including kitchen surfaces or medical rooms.

The Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) and the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) from the University of Luxembourg partnered with Probiotic Group Luxembourg (PBGL) to create the next generation of natural cleaning products.

A new generation of ECOCERT-certified natural cleaning products

The project seeks to transfer viable biological alternatives of toxic chemicals to the market.

Luxembourg researchers are teaming up to provide industrial partner Probiotic Group Luxembourg with a new recipe book based on bacterial agents that allow the production of a new generation of natural cleaning products that are ECOCERT-certified, or even vegan-compatible. To do this, the team not only identified promising environment candidates, but also tested and confirmed their compatibility with the other components of their partner’s cleaning product.

Making the most genomic microbiology, researchers are looking to identify which bacterial strains have genes that induce the production of effective molecules. Once the right bacterial strains have been selected, they will be tested on various types of hard surfaces.

A bridge between research and the industry

The research team behind this innovative project succeeded in identifying more than fifty bacterial strains potentially capable of degrading organic matter as well as fighting other pathogens in built environments.

The final stage of the project involves producing the selected candidates on a pre-industrial scale to validate their viability and effectiveness for commercial production by GLP.

LIST and the LCSB were decisive factors in the company’s choice to locate in Luxembourg. Both are able to study the impact of such products on the environment.

Biotechs are at the centre of the national economic diversification policy. Case in point: the Luxembourg HealthTech Cluster, managed by Luxinnovation, brings together national players involved in innovative health technologies. The HealthTech Cluster supports the development of sustainable and trusted services and products aimed for the European healthcare market in fields including digital health, medical devices and software.

Probiotic Group signed a three-year contract with LIST and LCSB

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Blockchain: Luxembourg to create a wallet for digital diplomas

EBSILUX.

The technology will increase transparency and trust between schools, universities, students and employers. It will also fight the impact of fake degrees on educators.

Using blockchain to develop cross-border services will allow public administrations to check information, and improve their trustworthiness.

Luxembourg’s Ministry for Digitalisation, Infrachain, the Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SnT), and the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) have partnered to develop the EBSILUX Project.

A broader use of Blockchain based cross-border services in Europe

Luxembourg has put student mobility, multilingualism and international cooperation high on its agenda. In such conditions, developing an interoperable and cross-border solution is essential for the country. Digital diplomas address widespread concerns about the lack of ease and “digital literacy” of users, as they are generally delivered to a young and educated part of Luxembourg’s residents. The EBSILUX project will create a wallet for digital diplomas.

Benefits of such a wallet are manifold. First, such an interoperable, cross-border solution will encourage the use of academic certificate records in Luxembourg to provide transparency and trust between schools/universities, students and employers. The solution will make the most of digital identity, distributed ledger and mechanism for digital verifiable credentials/presentations.

It will also strengthen reputation of schools and universities by eliminating the risk of falsified diplomas.

As for student mobility, certified academic credentials can be available and shared anytime anywhere. Such a solution saves a lot of time when it comes to accessing these credentials.

Finally, employers can instantly check the validity of diplomas of their job candidates, leading to a faster recruitment procedure.

What the Diplomas use case supports

Requesting a credential for a given digital identity

Authenticating public entities via digital signature

Storing the credential privately using a self-sovereign wallet

Presenting the credential as a digital verifiable presentations with digital signature

Recording the transaction of presentation on the distributed ledger

The EBSILUX project is integrating Luxembourg into the European Blockchain Service Infrastructure (EBSI) and implementing a European EBSI use case at national level.

With EBSILUX, public and private sector work together as a community to push the adoption curve of blockchain and make blockchain operational in Europe

Read more about EBSILUX

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Luxembourg to invest 1.7bn euros in research and higher education

Luxembourg is increasing research funding by nearly 300 million euros to a total of 1.7 billion euros for the 2022 – 2025 period, up 17.6% on the previous years. The state allocates its funds to higher education and research on the basis of four-year contracts with the University of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg Institute of Science…

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New supercomputer to support researchers

High performance computing, high performance data analysis and artificial intelligence are cornerstones of European, national and university strategies. The new generations of supercomputers coupled with the existing high-level expertise in the field will boost research. The University of Luxembourg has inaugurated its High Performance Computer (HPC), which provides state-of-the-art support to the University’s researchers and…

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In conversation with our young researchers: Dr Huizhu Sun

How can research help Luxembourg to maintain its international competitive position as a financial marketplace? Huizhu Sun is a Junior Research & Associate in the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST). His research mainly focuses on alternative investment and assets, i.e. private equity, venture capital, infrastructure assets, and collectible assets/funds such as art, wine,…

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